معرفی کتاب از قصر تا قصر

اثر نجیب محفوظ از انتشارات جامی - مترجم: ناصر طباطبایی-برندگان جوایز ادبی

The novels of the Cairo Trilogy trace three generations of the family of tyrannical patriarch al-Sayyid Ahmad Abd al-Jawad, who rules his household with a strict hand while living a secret life of self-indulgence. Palace Walk introduces us to his gentle, oppressed wife, Amina, his cloistered daughters, Aisha and Khadija, and his three sons—the tragic and idealistic Fahmy, the dissolute hedonist Yasin, and the soul-searching intellectual Kamal. The family’s trials mirror those of their turbulent country during the years spanning the two world wars, as change comes to a society that has resisted it for centuries.

خرید کتاب از قصر تا قصر
جستجوی کتاب از قصر تا قصر در گودریدز

معرفی کتاب از قصر تا قصر از نگاه کاربران
کتاب حاضر اولین کار از رمان های سه گانه نجیب محفوظ است که وقایع آن حال و هوای قاهره را در اوایل قرن بیستم به تصویر می کشد و دو رمان دیگر از این سه گانه (خیابان شکر ریزها) و (قصر لذت) نام دارند که آنها نیز به زبان انگلیسی ترجمه شده اند. نویسنده در آن کتاب ها زندگی افراد خانواده مورد بحث در کتاب حاضر را تا سه نسل و تا اوایل روی کار آمدن جمال عبدالناصر دنبال می کند.
محفوظ در هر فصل از کتاب حاضر استادانه صحنه ای تازه در پیش روی خوانده میٍ گشاید و حکایت از زندگی روزمره یک خانواده سنتی نسبتا مرفه در یکی از محله های نزدیک به مرکز قاهره دارد که در هنگام استعمار این کشور توسط انگلیسی ها به لایه های پنهان جامعه ی مصر در آن هنگام می پردازد.در ابتدای داستان با روایت داستان زنی تنها که به علت تعصبات بیجای همسرش اجازه خروج از خانه را ندارد و سرنوشت او و فرزندانش می پردازد که نویسنده داستان این خانواده و مسائل آن روزگار را روایت می کند.
@گذر قصر@ کتابی است دنیایی پر ازجهل و تاریکی ... پر از ریا و تملق ... پر از دروغ ... و ادم هایی که گاهی حس تنفر را بر می انگیزند گاهی هم احساس خشم و ترحم ولی با همه تناقض ها روال داستانی کاملا حفظ می شود و خواننده می تواند خود را در فضای آن روزگار احساس کند
او در لایه هایی از جریان داستان و بیان حالات درونی اشخاص نظریات فلسفی خود را نسبت به جنبه های مثبت و محرک عقاید و اخلاق سنتی در زندگی افراد خانواده و در ارتباط فرد با جامعه و جریان های سیاسی به صورت ظریف بیان می کند، در عین اینکه تاثیرات منفی مذهب قشری و خالی از تفکر را که به نتایح غیر اخلاقی و ضد انسانی می انجامد به انحاء مختلف، از جمله طنز ، به نقد می کشد. لذا این رمان یک داستان خالی از پیام فلسفی نیست.
در رده کتابهائی همچون جنایت و مکافات-موشها و آدمها-سر بلند میباشد

مشاهده لینک اصلی
The way love can disregard fears, however, is an age-old wonder. No fear is able to spoil loves development or keep it from dreaming of its appointed hour.

Palace Walk is a sweeping realist survey of a middle class family in Cairo. The novel covers two years or so from 1917-19, culminating in the Egyptian Revolution which overthrew the British Protectorate. The Abd al-Jawad family is dominated by the father, an ostensibly pious man who forbids his wife and two daughters from being seen, much less actually leaving this house. Yet this pillar of propriety is predisposed to nocturnal boozing and whoring. So it goes. His three sons quiver in his presence but all harbor hopes for both emancipation as well as approval: yet another family paradox.

Despite it being penned in the 1950s, this is a realist novel with little modernist trickery. There is a gentle core to this tale.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Originally published in Arabic in 1956, this novel was written by Egyptian writer Naguib Mahfouz, winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Literature. It is the first book of the Cairo Trilogy that was translated into English in 1990.

The setting of the novel is Cairo during and just after World War I, 1917 to 1919. Most of the story focuses on the life of one family living on a street named @Palace Walk,@ and toward the end the plot spreads to include demonstrations and protests leading up to the nationalist revolution of 1919.

The story provides a thorough description of a time and place as well as providing intimate character development of household members including three sons, two daughters, a maid servant, the wife, and a tyrannical husband. They are all observant Moslems, but the husband/head of household drinks alcohol and is an adulterer living a duplicitous life requiring strict conservative conduct at home and a gregarious personal life for himself outside the home.

This all takes place in an environment where the women of the family are required to not venture outside the home. When an official inquiry is received regarding a possible marriage proposal for the younger of the two daughters, the husband is puzzled why and how such an interest could exist because theoretically his daughters have never been seen by any men outside the household. We as readers know that the daughters outline has been glimpsed through the slats covering a second story window. It doesnt take much of a view of the female form in this environment to enflame carnal passion.

The story follows the family through several crises which conclude in marriage of some of the children, birth of some grandchildren, and some marriage separations. Eventually family members become involve in the surrounding political agitation caused by the expectation that the British protectorate end and Egypt become an independent state. This part of the story is based on historical occurrences making this part of the book a historical novel.

The following short review of this book is from the June 10, 2017 PageADay Book Lovers Calendar:
Set against the backdrop of Egypts struggle for independence after World War I, Palace Walk follows the family of al-Sayyid Ahmad. Al-Sayyid Ahmad likes to drink and stay out listening to music while his devoted wife, Amina, stays at home awake, ready to serve him at a moments notice. You also meet his well-protected daughters, Aisha and Khadija, and his three sons, Fahmy, Yasim, and Kamal. The challenges the family faces reflect whats happening in Egypt during this tumultuous time in history. After Volume I, youll be eager to follow Sayyids family for two more generations in Volumes II and III.
PALACE WALK, by Naguib Mahfouz (1990; Anchor, 2011)

مشاهده لینک اصلی
The Cairo trilogy by NF is a work of Tolstoyan proportions, drawing a picture of a place during a certain period through its portrayal of a large number of well-developed complex characters. Though mostly it is a story of a joint family, it expands into the political and socio-religious arena of its times. There is a lot more to this book than I will go into this review of its the first instalment of triology, Palace Walk.

The writing in first few and last few chapters is simply beautiful. The omniscient narrator is a lot like that of Midaq Alley, constantly chasing after the thought processes of his characters without making any moral judgments. One word that you wont see NF use a lot is should - unless he is recounting words or actions of his characters.

The amorality of narrator works for me most of the time but sometimes it is really irritating, particularly initially when he is talking about double standards of al-Sayyid Ahmad. When it comes to running his family, Ahmed is quite a traditionalist even for his own times (the 1940s) - strict (the polite word for oppressive) both as husband and father; so much that his (second) wife, Amina isnt allowed to leave the house without his permission even after nearly two decades of marriage. When she give in to the temptation to visit a pilgrimage place in the city (which she hadnt seen in all these years); he punishes her by throwing her out of the house. And this same traditionalist Ahmed becomes a womanizer, a drinker and music player when out among his friends. He doesnt have any problem in taking liberty with the religious values when it comes to his own joy but rest of his family is not allowed to. Despite this hypocrisy (another word I cant imagine NF ever using for his characters), I still felt for him towards the end.

At least one reviewer has claimed about submissiveness of Amina. But one must remember that she found no support - not in religion (she was deeply religious), not with her husband, not in the society (fate of Ahmeds first wife shows what little chance women of liberal spirits had of approval), not even her mother who tells her to thank God that her husband is not taking another wife.

It is a case of three men make a tiger, it is very difficult to believe in your own truth when so many people are disagreeing with you. Aminas conditioning is so complete or was it out of jealousy or some need of self-justification, that she did her bit to make sure that her daughter-in-law too must have same house arrested life as she has ... she actually blames her daughter-in-law of overreacting when later asked for a divorce on grounds of her husbands adultery.

Yasin is Ahmeds son from his first marriage. He dislikes his mother for her adulteries, however, when he discovers his fathers sensual pleasures, he is filled with pride - another example of how social pressures are stronger on women. Later, despite being a womanizer, he decided to amend his ways after his marriage and be loyal to his wife. He wants to enjoy his marriage life like any young man would, however, Ahmeds conservative standards wont allow him to take his wife out for even cinemas. And thus he turns back to womanizing.

Perhaps that gives an insight into Ahmeds character too - maybe, he too would have been more honest to his wife, if he wasnt that big a traditionalist. As it is, he doesnt even seem to know her. A friend once gave me a theory how boys learn the concept of male dominant head figure from their fathers (as in A Thousand Splendid Suns). I dont completely agree, I think it is also about if boys spend enough time with mothers or other model female in their early childhood - to be able to see life from their POV.

But I think Ahmed seems to have this concept of male dominant figure. He thinks he must, that he is figuratively duty bound, to show anger towards his wife and children (he isnt of that temperament by nature); to maintain a respectable distance from them; to hide his sentimental side and so on.

Anyways, there are a lot of other characters as well. Some of other main character are Aminas four children (from youngest to oldest) -

Kamal - the kid. Supposed to be a doppelganger of NF himself, as the novel is a fictionalization of his childhood.

Aisha - the barbie doll of the story, that is, a beautiful thin teenage blonde with blue eyes. A great romantic and loves singing in her beautiful voice.

Khadija - the not-so-beautiful one, my favorite because of how she can torture people with her sarcasm. She doesnt let the envy for her sister to overshadow her love for same (though she had sufficient reasons) and is awarded for it.

Fahmy -the idealist student, has an old style look-from-far-no-touching-no-talking kind of love affair with his neighbor, participates in political struggle.

Unlike Yasin, both Kamal and Fahmy, being attached to their mother from their childhood, have far better views of women than Kamal, which proves I was correct. Well, I always am .

مشاهده لینک اصلی
@The Palace Walk@ by Naguib Mahfouz is, by far, the best work of fiction that I have read this year and is now one of my top ten favourite novels.

@The Palace Walk@ is the first volume of “The Cairo Trilogy.” It centers on the life of an Egyptian Muslim family living through the period between the end of World War I and the beginning of the 1919 revolution against British rule, a time of dramatic change in Egypt.

The novel is an engrossing story of epic proportions. Each character is examined individually and as a cog in the machine of this interesting Muslim family. There is the patriarchal father that rules with an iron fist, the mother who has not left her house in over two decades, and male and female children all with their own dreams who have to conform to a ruthless father and a hypocritical society.

Just as you are really getting to know the Ahmad family the novel turns towards the 1919 revolution against British rule and its repercussions. Here the structure of the family starts to crack and ultimately they will never be the same.

This is powerfully moving novel. I waited a month to review this book to see if its influence had worn off of me, but it has not. I continue to think about its characters and wonder what will happen to them. I will read the next two volumes of this trilogy and I look forward to every word.

If you read “The Palace Walk” in English then you are reading a translation, but even the translation is a work of art. I cannot even begin to contemplate what it must be like to read it in Arabic. The prose is both beautiful and powerful – a pleasure to contemplate. By the way, we have Jackie Kennedy Onassis to thank for getting this work published. She read Mahfouz in French and encouraged the publishers she worked for at Double Day to translate “The Cairo Trilogy” into English.

He could not imagine that the world of the emotions had infiltrated the atmosphere of his home, which he vigilantly strove to keep one of stern purity and immaculate innocence.@

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Two years ago, I spotted Palace Walk in a bookshelf and thought that this might be an interesting read because the last time I encountered a story that has something to do with Muslim culture was in Khaled Hosseinis The Kite Runner and that was it. Still, I always strive to expand my preferences and immerse myself on literature that is more culturally diverse than Im more used to. In all honesty, I also selected to buy this particular book because of the Nobel Prize Awardee label attached to it. So trusting that alone, I essentially went blind purchasing this novel, not knowing what to expect. I didnt even research about the book afterwards, and only done so once I finally finished it last night during a four-day Holy Week vacation at a beach resort.

In addition to reading Magneto Testament (which I just finished under an hour) Palace Walk has filled my humid, sea-drenched days with unexpected humor and entertainment each time I turn its pages, because this was actually a witty book filled with cultural and psychological insights on a lifestyle and struggle I was never very familiar with, but could very much deeply relate to nonetheless. It was rather shocking for me then, to be this insatiably riveted about a novel that mainly derives its drama and development from one family thats composed of some of the most well-rounded, compelling and sympathetic characters I have ever come across in literature.

I was mistaken to believe this is going to be an intimidating and difficult novel to peruse through (much like The Kite Runner which could be gruelling and depressing at times). I really thought this would be challenging in a sense that its exploration or themes would be dark and serious but I was pleased to have been misled by that first impression. Palace Walk is an utter delight, and a novel I can definitely say is very much character-centered in its approach and exposition. Writer Naguib Mafouz found his storys core strength and purpose by ensuring that these characters that readers would get to spend time with are always engaging and vibrant that we never stopped caring about them for a second. I may not always agree with certain characters habits, temperament and actions but Mafouz has shown brilliant calibre because he managed to infuse just the right details concerning their personal lives that readers cant help but sympathize with them anyway.

Set in 1917 in Cairo, Egypt during the first World War, the novel could have stressed and divulged more on the political climate which had engulfed the place and its constituents at the time, but in all honesty we never truly touch upon that until the last hundred pages or so of this five-hundred-paged book. What the writer chose to dwell on instead is the Abd al-Jawad family who is the integral part of the overall narrative structure for Palace Walk. The author spent a great majority of the story tackling the inner conflicts and dynamics present within this household with the father al-Sayyid Ahmad, his doting and subservient wife Amina, and their three sons (Yasin, Fahmy and Kamal) and two daughters (Khadija and Aisha). Their individual roles, personalities and relationships with each other never fail to be a source of not only endless amusement for me, but also substantial reflections about social issues.

As awfully entertaining Palace Walk has been in the way the writer dwelt with much of the interactions and scenes using wit and humor, Mafouz was also able to tackle general sensitive issues with sheer elegance and understanding, and they concern mostly of the submissive parts that women in general play during that time as dictated by their religious practices, as well as the pronounced gender dichotomy and bias that are so ridiculous through our modern perception by now. Now I have never considered myself a staunch feminist but it did make me wonder if there are particular scenarios in this book that might possibly offend me if I did view it as a feminist in the first place (which, by the way, I never claimed to be).

My own socio-political leanings aside, I was still very much appalled with the fact that the Muslim women in this book are not allowed to go to school or learn issues from the outside world. Their needs must always coincide with the men in their family, and their duties and fulfilment should always be centered around domesticity and homemaking. I think this has always been the case though some Islam-based countries have started to radically change these old-world practices. But taking into account the times this book was written in, I suppose I can understand why this is the way women are portrayed because its an honest depiction of the lives they led at the time. Regardless, I believe Mahfouz has written these themes with surprising optimism that blended so well with the tactful way he approached the issue. I never felt bad for the women.

In fact, I developed genuine admiration for them with the way they managed to find the smallest joys even if I cant for the life of me imagine living such a heavily restricted existence where Im not allowed to study in school, form my opinions and speak my mind, make my own choices and find a career other than being a housewife and mother. I try to avoid contextualizing my modern sensibilities as I read Palace Walk though, and doing so has made me enjoyed the novel and the characters a lot more.

For me to futher illustrate this gender dichotomy for this review, lets take the mother Amina as an example. She is one of my top favorites and I find her to be impressive in spirit and character. She is virtuous and steadfast in her devotion to her philandering husband, and possesses a naturally curious mind that never truly realizes its potentials only because of the limitations that precede her gender. Her only means to learn about new information is through her sons who adore her enough to include her in their intellectual debates and discussions some of the time.

It was mentioned later on that there are women who are allowed by their husbands to go outside every once in a while, but Aminas husband al Sayyid-Ahmad is just too much of a conservative and controlling patriarch that wants to dominate everyone in his household. The thing that really pisses me off about this man is that hes a hypocrite. He maintains a false façade around his family while living a completely hedonistic life when hes around his co-workers and multiple lovers. Later on I began to pity him because he was always so concerned about keeping up appearances that his children have only known how to fear him and not love him. Thats I think is the greatest tragedy for a father but I dont think he will ever realize this, nor is it a concern of his.

As for the children, I really loved the eldest daughter Khadija and the youngest Kamal. Khadija is definitely relatable because she is opinionated and shows a lot of intelligence which sadly only gets to shine through her deflective use of sarcasm to cover up her insecurities. Much of her conflict revolves around being unmarried at twenty and the preference of suitors and potentials husbands to her younger sister Aisha whom I find only remarkable in beauty and not in personality. Kamal, on the other hand, is inquisitive and playful, always living in his imagination and daydreams which makes him often a problem for his family. I love him very much though because of his inclination to learn and his outward sunny disposition even if his father disapproves of him, as well as his affectionate relationships with his mother and sisters which I hope will stay the same even when he grows older.

The older two sons, Yasin and Fahmy, are well-written characters themselves. Yasin is the son from al-Sayyid Ahmads first marriage and he is probably the closest one who mirrors his father in a lot of ways, mostly his unflattering and vain qualities such as the way he perceives women and wrongly asserts his morality for the sake of a false sense of masculine security. Again, as much as I dislike both of these men, I can understand why they believe they have a right to live their lives according only to their pleasure and whims, with callous disregard of the way their loved ones would feel. Meanwhile, Fahmy is the second son who is an aspiring lawyer and is very much interested to involve himself in the inner workings of politics which I think could lead to some potentially disastrous results especially since they are living during wartime. I like Fahmy enough because aside from Kamal who is still fairly young, he doesnt seem to be that preoccupied with lustful adventures unlike his father and brother, and finds more satisfaction in scholarly matters.

Still, the truth remains that the gender dichotomy that their culture and society permeates is harmful in this sense, I believe. Though the men are free to be who they want to be, they are still equally oppressed because they also feel that they have to play parts that serve to hide who they are and how they feel inside, all for the sake of machismo and patriarchy.

Basically, the selling point of this novel is that its well-balanced; there are light and funny parts, as well as serious discussions about religion and political strife; all the while the author himself took much care and sensitivity in regards to the way he characterized his protagonists in the context of their own belief systems that may not always be agreeable but were articulated authentically enough to merit some contemplation. This book is also part of a trilogy, and I will certainly pick up the next two books because I am intrigued and invested on the world that Mahfouz has created. Palace Walk excels in the exploration of the day-to-day pressures, self-reflection and relationships of its characters. As a reader, I cant help but care about their welfare even with Yasin and al-Sayyid Ahmad whom I only have lukewarm feelings for. I was able to celebrate the joys and despair the losses that these characters experienced as I glided comfortably through the pages, and I think that alone makes this novel very commendable and worth the read.

Overall, Palace Walk is humorous, insightful and easily enjoyable. If you like character-centered plots and family drama in general then this book might appeal to you. It doesnt take itself that seriously and when it does, it can be warm and sublime in a lot of aspects, allowing readers to appreciate and value the richness of their own beliefs and idiosyncrasies as contrasted or reflected by the Abd al-Jawad familys own.



مشاهده لینک اصلی
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#جایزه نوبل ادبیات - #داستان تاریخی - #ادبیات داستانی - #داستان درام - #ادبیات کلاسیک - #ادبیات مصر - #دهه 1950 میلادی - #تازه های ایران کتاب -
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